AASLD 2016: Article: Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Cancer Risks: A Population-based Cohort Study – Alan Franciscus
Author/Source: Jean Marie Arduino, Abstract 820
Updated Abstract Information
There were 13,315 patients identified with HCV and 38,991 patients without HCV who met the inclusion criteria. The people with HCV were more likely to be male, white, and have Medicare Advantage plans compared to the people who were HCV-negative. The average follow-up was 1.4 years for the group with hepatitis C and 1.5 years for the group without hepatitis C.
Conclusion: The people who were HCV positive were more likely to have diabetes, chronic pulmonary disease (lung disease), congestive heart disease, liver disease, renal (kidney) disease, AIDS and hepatitis B. Additionally, there was also an association between hepatitis C and liver and non-liver cancers (especially lung, pancreas and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma),
The authors noted that their study supports previous studies that have shown that there is an association between cancers and chronic hepatitis C infection.
Editorial Comments: It is well known that hepatitis C infection increases the risk of other diseases including certain types of cancers. This study should reinforce that 1). We need to increase the number of people we test for hepatitis C and provide supportive and medical services 2). We should be monitoring people with hepatitis C for other conditions especially cancers, and 3). We should treat and cure hepatitis C as soon as people are diagnosed to prevent the beginning and the progression of various illnesses including cancers.
We know that chronic hepatitis C infection is not just a liver disease—it affects just about every organ in the body.